Civil Society and Post-Independence Democracy Levels

Written by Sandra Grahn, Anna Lührmann 11 January 2020

"The role of civil society for the consolidation of democracy is contested… This paper argues that the existence of democratic CSOs prior to democratic transition strengthen post-independence democracy whereas non-democratic CSOs have a detrimental effect" (Lührmann and Grahn, 2019).

Publisher: V-Dem Institute

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Categories: Paper, Liberal Democracy