Industrialized Disinformation: 2020 Global Inventory of Organized Social Media Manipulation

Written by Samantha Bradshaw, Hannah Bailey and Philip N. Howard 13 January 2021

This report “highlights the recent trends of computational propaganda across 81 countries and the evolving tools, capacities, strategies, and resources used to manipulate public opinion around the globe. We identify three key trends in this year’s inventory of disinformation activity” (Bradshaw, Bailey, and Howard, 2021).

Publisher: Oxford Internet Institute

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Categories: Media and technology, Authoritarianism